Program to End Modern Slavery - United States Department of State (2023)

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The Program to End Modern Slavery (PEMS) is a pioneering approach to combating human trafficking, combining cutting-edge research with targeted programming to rigorously test research methods to determine the prevalence and effectiveness of anti-trafficking interventions. human trafficking.

The primary goal of PEMS-funded interventions is to show a measurable reduction in human trafficking within the countries and specific geographic areas, industries, or populations where PEMS programs operate. There is often a lack of established evidence about what types of programs work best to reduce specific forms of human trafficking, along with uncertain estimates of how many people may be being trafficked in any given population. PEMS projects conduct baseline quantitative and qualitative research early in a project to inform program design, understand the context of trafficking, and contribute to the growing field of rigorous investigation of the prevalence of human trafficking. Once programming is complete, PEMS projects evaluate the results of interventions to build the evidence base of which activities effectively reduce human trafficking around the world.

(Video) U.S. Commitment to End Modern Slavery

The PEMS program began in 2017 and has funded $150 million in programming to date. Current programming takes place in 24 countries around the world.

Current Programs and Research

freedom background
(October 2019 to June 2023)

The Freedom Fund received a $7 million grant in 2019 to reduce the prevalence of domestic servitude among women and girls in Ethiopia and the Middle East migration corridor. Freedom Fund is working with local organizations and government stakeholders in Addis Ababa and Amhara.

Global Fund to End Modern Slavery
(October 2018 to September 2024)

GFEMS received a $21 million grant in 2018 to expand programming efforts begun in a previous PEMS award. GFEMS is working to manage sub-grants in India, Kenya, Uganda and Vietnam that address sex trafficking and forced labour. This grant will expire in December 2022. In 2021, GFEMS received US$5 million to program the reduction of forced labor in Brazil's agricultural sector through targeted interventions in the coffee industry in the state of Minas Gerais. GFEMS' work in Brazil will comprehensively address critical gaps with a group of coordinated and synergistic interventions, including a grievance mechanism available to workers and a decision support tool to improve the targeting of labor inspections.

Innovations for Action Against Poverty
(October 2020 to September 2025)

Innovations for Poverty Action (IPA) received a US$5.6 million award in 2020 to increase the evidence base on the effectiveness of anti-trafficking interventions around the world. IPA is working with partner organizations to conduct impact evaluations and randomized control trials testing the effectiveness of anti-trafficking programming. In 2022, IPA was awarded an additional $2.3 million to develop a test lab in Nigeria. This program will support the Nigerian government in its goal to focus anti-trafficking programming more effectively within the country.

(Video) Remarks on "Stepping up Action to End Forced Labor, Modern Slavery, and Human Trafficking"

International Labor Organization
(October 2022 to March 2024)

The International Labor Organization (ILO) has received US$ 2 million in 2022 todevelop operational definitions, methodologies, and uniform guidelines for measuring trafficking in persons based on the United Nations Palermo Protocol on Trafficking in Persons and the United States Act to Protect Victims of Trafficking and Forced Labor with based on the International Labor Organization Conventions on Forced Labour.This guide will help facilitate prevalence estimates and allow researchers and practitioners to better understand the nature of human trafficking with a coordinated set of research tools.

international migration organization
(October 2022 - September 2024)

The International Organization for Migration (IOM) has been awarded $2.3 million to address human trafficking in Kenya, which exists due to vulnerabilities and displacement exacerbated by climate change. IOM will employ a variety of livelihood support models to build economic resilience in communities facing economic insecurity due to climate change. In addition, IOM will work to raise awareness of human trafficking among specific populations. The program will test a variety of interventions using a phased approach and will refine program activities based on the results of the randomized interventions.

new york university
(October 2022 - September 2027)

This five-year, $5.5 million intervention, implemented by New York University in India, will harness community health workers (CHWs) to identify victims of trafficking. among members of the Denoted and Nomadic Tribes (DNT) and help them access support, including access to identity documents, legal advice, alternative income and vocational training, as well as social services. The project will use a cluster-based randomized controlled trial to assess the impact of the proposed interventions.

Pan American Development Foundation
(October 2021 to September 2024)

The Pan American Development Foundation (PADF) received an $8.5 million award to reduce forced labor in the livestock industry in Pará, Brazil, through coordinated efforts that include raising awareness, strengthening law enforcement and employer capacity and increased access to victims. focused protection services. PADF will also work to increase government capacity to collect data, improve inter-agency coordination, and provide victim-focused services. All of these efforts will be tailored based on the research that PADF will conduct to better understand the nature of forced labor in the livestock industry.

(Video) Hangouts At State: Human Trafficking - How Can We End Modern Slavery?

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
(October 2021 to September 2023)

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) received a US$2.5 million grant in 2021 to develop a better understanding of forced labor in the gold mining sector of Pará, Brazil, filling a gap critical in knowledge and informing in the future against trafficking. Efforts The investigation will include a prevalence study, an analysis of gold mining supply and value chains, and an examination of the convergence of forced labor with other criminal activities.

georgia university
(October 2018 to September 2025)

The University of Georgia Research Foundation (UGA) received a total of $25.9 million through PEMS awards. UGA is working to reduce the prevalence of child sex trafficking in Guinea, Senegal, and Sierra Leone by conducting specific prevalence baselines and developing programs that are based on this research. UGA is also conducting estimates of the prevalence of human trafficking through the Prevalence Reduction Innovation Forum (PRIF) in Brazil, Costa Rica, Morocco, Pakistan, Tanzania, and Tunisia. PRIF aims to build a global community of researchers in the science of estimating the prevalence of human trafficking with a focus on documenting the effectiveness of various methodological approaches. In 2022, UGA received a $2.2 million grant to address financial inclusion for survivors of labor trafficking and people at risk of labor trafficking in Zimbabwe, Zambia, and Malawi.Through a phased approach, the program will create and strengthen financial savings groups for survivors returning from South Africa and vulnerable youth considering moving to South Africa, first focusing on a robust research framework.

Grupo Warnath
(October 2020 to September 2025)

The Warnath Group received a US$15 million award in 2020 to combat child sex trafficking in the provinces of Guanacaste and Puntarenas, Costa Rica. The Warnath Group is working to measure prevalence in these provinces and schedule activities that focus on intensive training and technical assistance for Costa Rican government officials, especially criminal justice professionals and social service providers.

washington university
(October 2022 - June 2024)

Awarded $1.5 million to address trafficking through the lens of public health in South Africa, developing locally adapted basic standards of care, as well as a toolkit for service providers. The University of Washington will reinforce its approach through heat mapping to better understand risk vulnerabilities and resource allocation in Johannesburg and Cape Town.

(Video) What Governments Don’t Want You To Know About Modern Slavery | System Error

winrock international
(October 2022 - July 2026)

Winrock International will use its $7.9 million award to focus on climate change-driven human trafficking in Bangladesh, particularly in the agriculture and fishing industries. Winrock will integrate anti-trafficking policies into existing government plans to address climate change, while empowering vulnerable communities. The program will conduct research to better understand the link between climate change and human trafficking and will use a phased approach to activities to determine their effectiveness.

Expansion of the Prevalence Reduction Innovation Forum (PRIF)

In 2021, the TIP Office presented six awards for the Prevalence Reduction Innovation Forum (PRIF) expansion initiative. Local organizations in Costa Rica, Brazil, Pakistan, Tanzania, and Tunisia will develop research conducted by the PEMS-funded Prevalence Reduction Innovation Forum and create specific programs to reduce human trafficking. Each program will match researchers with organizations, and teams will assess the impact of these programs in reducing the prevalence of human trafficking in these countries. Details of each project can be found below.

freedom background
(October 2021 to September 2025)

Freedom Fund received $1.3 million to focus on efforts to reduce child sex trafficking in Recife and Olinda, Brazil. This project will promote coordination between government and civil society in the prevention of child sex trafficking, develop and share evidence on the prevalence of child sex trafficking with multi-sectoral partners, and increase child protection through comprehensive informed care and prevention efforts. by survivors.

John Jay College of Criminal Justice
(October 2021 to September 2025)

The John Jay College of Criminal Justice received two awards in 2021: $1.6 million to combat forced labor in Costa Rica's artisanal fishing sector and $1.3 million to reduce forced labor among domestic workers in Tanzania. In Costa Rica, John Jay will work alongside local partners to address forced labor in the Gulf of Nicoya. The program will focus on building capacity to safely identify and refer potential victims of trafficking and empower at-risk communities to know their rights and access legal assistance. In Tanzania, John Jay and local partners will work in Zanzibar and Dar es Salaam to reduce forced labor among domestic workers through pre-departure education for workers and the education of community organizations to help victims.

(Video) Ending Modern Slavery

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
(October 2021 to September 2025)

The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health was awarded $1.3 million to partner with local organizations to address forced labor in the brick-making industry in Pakistan's Sindh province. The program will provide workers with direct services, along with awareness raising and capacity building activities for law enforcement, bar associations, unions and other key stakeholders.

Stanford University
(October 2021 to September 2026)

The Stanford University Human Trafficking Data Lab was awarded $1.3 million to develop and implement advanced technology to detect forced labor in the coal industry in Pará, Brazil. Additional goals include building broad, multi-skilled teams, as well as advocacy to support survivors and vulnerable communities.

University of Massachusetts-Lowell
(October 2021 to January 2026)

The University of Massachusetts—Lowell was awarded $1.4 million for its project focused on reducing human trafficking among domestic workers in Tunisia, training justice sector professionals, and providing trauma-informed services to survivors. The program will focus on training and capacity building for policy makers, legal professionals, local stakeholders and civil society organizations, as well as an information sharing campaign for policy makers. of policy formulation.


What organizations are trying to fight modern day slavery in the US? ›

ATEST Member Organizations
  • Coalition of Immokalee Workers (CIW) ...
  • Coalition to Abolish Slavery & Trafficking (CAST) ...
  • Covenant House. ...
  • Free the Slaves. ...
  • HEAL Trafficking. ...
  • Human Trafficking Institute. ...
  • Human Trafficking Legal Center. ...
  • Humanity United Action.

What is the US government doing to stop human trafficking? ›

The National Action Plan outlines a three-year comprehensive approach to combat human trafficking, including actions to strengthen prosecution of traffickers, enhance victim protections, and prevent the crime from occurring within our borders and abroad. Read the National Action Plan .

What is the Federal Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000? ›

The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA), Pub. L. No. 106- 386, in 2000, equipped the U.S. Government with new tools and resources to mount a comprehensive and coordinated campaign to eliminate modern forms of slavery domestically and internationally.

What is considered to be the best way to eradicate modern slavery? ›

The best way to bring an end to forced labor, exploitation and human trafficking is to offer a legal system of migration.”

What are the two Organisations that provide help and support for victims of modern slavery? ›

There is help and support for victims of modern slavery and human trafficking.
Advice and support organisations
  • Modern Slavery Helpline.
  • Gangmasters & Labour Abuse Authority.
  • Migrant Help.
  • Women's Aid Federation Northern Ireland.
  • Victim Support NI.
  • The Rowan - Sexual Assault Referral Centre (SARC)

Who stopped slavery in the United States? ›

On February 1, 1865, President Abraham Lincoln approved the Joint Resolution of Congress submitting the proposed amendment to the state legislatures. The necessary number of states (three-fourths) ratified it by December 6, 1865.

Is the US government involved in human trafficking? ›

The following Federal government agencies are implementing programs to protect and assist victims of human trafficking and to capture and prosecute their traffickers. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) is responsible for certifying victims of human trafficking once they are identified.

How is the government helping with human trafficking? ›

The government identified more trafficking victims and referred all to care, providing protective services in partnership with NGOs and international organizations, and increased protective services for victims who assisted ongoing law enforcement investigations.

What is the project to end human trafficking? ›

The Project to End Human Trafficking (PEHT) is a nonprofit organization founded in 2004 as part of the anti-slavery movement. The initial goal of the founders was not to begin an organization, but simply to offer educational lectures about human trafficking.

Which four 4 states present with the most verified human trafficking crimes? ›

According to their data, there are 4 states that have the highest rates of human trafficking in the United States: California, Texas, Florida, and New York.

What are the 2 laws that protect citizens against human trafficking? ›

Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 and Its Reauthorizations
  • Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000, Pub. ...
  • Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2003, Pub. ...
  • Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2005, Pub.

What are the 3 red flags of human trafficking? ›

Identification documents are held by another. Person works long or excessive hours or is always available “on demand.” Overly sexual for age or situation. Multiple phones or social media accounts.

What are the 4 types of modern slavery? ›

  • Child Sex Trafficking. ...
  • Bonded Labor or Debt Bondage. ...
  • Domestic Servitude. ...
  • Forced Child Labor. ...
  • Unlawful Recruitment and Use of Child Soldiers.

What is the biggest form of modern slavery? ›

bonded labour or debt bondage

Debt bondage is a form of forced labour and happens when a person is forced to work to pay off a debt. They are tricked into working for little or no pay, with no control over their debt. This is thought to be the most widespread form of slavery today.

What can the government do to stop modern slavery? ›

Decrease the vulnerability of potential victims. Increase the capacity of law enforcement and other guardians. Address the people or factors that enable or facilitate slavery.

Which Organisation is involved in identifying and reporting modern slavery or trafficking? ›

If you suspect modern slavery, report it to the Modern Slavery Helpline on 08000 121 700 or the police on 101. In an emergency always call 999.

What is the NGO against slavery? ›

Walk Free is an international human rights group dedicated to eradicating modern slavery in all its forms.

Is there a charity for modern day slavery? ›

Helen Bamber Foundation. This Foundation provides therapeutic care, medical consultation, legal protection and practical support to victims of modern slavery.

When did the last U.S. state abolish slavery? ›

Technically, the 13th Amendment is what ended slavery in Delaware; however, the state was the last to ratify the Amendment. Delaware did not ratify the 13th Amendment abolishing slavery until 1901, the only non-seceded state that opposed the Amendment into the twentieth century.

Which U.S. state abolished slavery first? ›

In 1780, Pennsylvania became the first state to abolish slavery when it adopted a statute that provided for the freedom of every slave born after its enactment (once that individual reached the age of majority). Massachusetts was the first to abolish slavery outright, doing so by judicial decree in 1783.

Which president abolished slavery first? ›

Abraham Lincoln became the United States' 16th President in 1861, issuing the Emancipation Proclamation that declared forever free those slaves within the Confederacy in 1863.

What state is number one in trafficking? ›


What is the number one city in the US for human trafficking? ›

The top five cities in America for human trafficking reports are Washington DC, Atlanta, Orlando, Miami, and Las Vegas. In addition to the prostitution issue mentioned previously, each of these locations are major tourist destinations and have international airports.

What federal agencies handle human trafficking? ›

The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is responsible for investigating human trafficking and supporting the victims of this crime. That work is carried out by the Crimes Against Children and Human Trafficking Prosecution Unit, and the Victim Services Division.

How does the FBI stop human trafficking? ›

FBI victim specialists work with local state and federal resources to provide immediate assistance (shelter, food, clothing) and long-term support (counseling, education assistance, job training). After recovering a victim of human trafficking, field offices seek to arrest and successfully prosecute the traffickers.

Who funds the Blue campaign? ›

DHS is committed to helping victims feel stable, safe, and secure. The Blue Campaign is not an appropriated office and does not receive annual appropriated funding. Currently the Blue Campaign receives donated funding on an annual basis from DHS components to fund efforts to fight end human trafficking.

What are organizations doing to stop human trafficking? ›

Most of these charities focus on identifying and rescuing the victims from perpetrators and providing aftercare services, like counseling, sheltering, and rehabilitation. They also partner with law enforcement institutions to arrest and imprison the traffickers.

What is the human trafficking protocol? ›

It is the first legally binding instrument with an internationally recognized definition of human trafficking. This definition provides a vital tool for the identification of victims, whether men, women or children, and for the detection of all forms of exploitation which constitute human trafficking.

What companies does the modern slavery Act apply to? ›

This law applies to any company doing business in the UK with an annual turnover of £36 million or more. The requirements apply to these companies' own operations and their supply chains.

Who fought for slavery in USA? ›

By Adam Sanchez, Brady Bennon, Deb Delman, and Jessica Lovaas
Angelina GrimkéJohn BrownDavid Ruggles
William Lloyd GarrisonHarriet Forten PurvisHarriet Tubman
Harry JarvisLucretia MottElizabeth Cady Stanton
Sojourner TruthDavid WalkerFrederick Douglass
William Wells BrownElijah LovejoyJermain Wesley Loguen
5 more rows

What works in preventing modern slavery? ›

To help to prevent and reduce modern slavery, it would help to have a multi-agency team, which should include the police, health and social services, local authority, immigration, border control and trading standards.

What NGOs are against forced labor? ›

The best charities that fight to end forced labor are Anti-Slavery International, Verité, and Freedom United. Charities like the Fair Labor Association, the Solidarity Center, and the International Labor Rights Forum fight to protect workers' rights worldwide.

Which industry has the most modern slavery? ›

The consumer sector is highly vulnerable to modern slavery as a large proportion of manufacturing is outsourced, often internationally. Particularly high risk goods include: rice, spices, tea, coffee, cocoa and cotton.

Do all companies have to have a modern slavery policy? ›

Organisations are not expected to guarantee that all their supply chains are 'slavery free'. However, statements must describe the steps your organisation has taken during the financial year to deal with modern slavery risks in your supply chains and your own business.

Who was the first person against slavery? ›

One of the first articles advocating the emancipation of slaves and the abolition of slavery was written by Thomas Paine. Titled "African Slavery in America", it appeared on 8 March 1775 in the Postscript to the Pennsylvania Journal and Weekly Advertiser.

Who was the first person to end slavery? ›

John Brown (abolitionist)
John Brown
Photo by Augustus Washington, c. 1846–1847
BornMay 9, 1800 Torrington, Connecticut, U.S.
DiedDecember 2, 1859 (aged 59) Charles Town, Virginia (now West Virginia), U.S.
Cause of deathExecution by hanging
10 more rows

How to abolish modern slavery? ›

  1. Action Library. Ways to get involved in the fight against human trafficking and modern-day slavery.
  2. Buy Slave Free. Shop with businesses that are transparent, examine their supply chains and buy fair trade or locally-sourced products.
  3. Give. ...
  4. Volunteer. ...
  5. Educate. ...
  6. Job Opportunities. ...
  7. Report A TIP. ...
  8. Advocate.

What is modern slavery National Action Plan? ›

Under this National Action Plan, we will implement a strategic program of initiatives to prevent, disrupt, investigate and prosecute modern slavery crimes. We will support and protect victims and survivors, and further our understanding of modern slavery through enhanced research and data collection.

What is Section 45 Modern Slavery Act? ›

Section 45 of the Modern Slavery Act offers a defence for those who are faced with criminal liability for a criminal act that they committed as a consequence of their modern slavery or human trafficking experience.

What is the biggest NGO to monitor human rights? ›

1 Amnesty International

The organization employs experts who do accurate and facts-based research into human rights violations by governments and other actors.

Which country has the most child labour? ›

Prevalence of child labour

Sub-Saharan Africa has the largest proportion of child labourers (26 per cent of children aged 5 to 17 years). This is in stark comparison to Latin America and the Caribbean, where 7 per cent of children in this age group are performing potentially harmful work.

What are the most known NGOs in human rights activism? ›

Founded in 1909, the NAACP is the largest and best-known civil rights organization in the US. Its mission is to eliminate racial discrimination and hatred while promoting the rights (political, social, economic, and educational) of all citizens.


1. Modern Slavery is closer than you think: Understanding Modern Slavery and Human Trafficking
(Home Office)
2. How to Eradicate Modern Slavery (Trafficking and Forced Labour) in Global Supply Chains
(InterPraxis Sustainability)
3. So, you want to end the modern Slave Trade? | Katherine Trout | TEDxPrincetonU
(TEDx Talks)
4. State Dept. awards $25M to anti-slavery fund
5. Slavery - Crash Course US History #13
6. SeNSS Summer Conference 2019 Keynote address


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